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jUCMNav Online Help

28 Nov 2021 - 04:41

Part I - Introduction

User Requirements Notation (URN)

jUCMNav is a graphical editor and an analysis and transformation tool for the User Requirements Notation (URN). URN is intended for the elicitation, analysis, specification, and validation of requirements. URN combines modelling concepts and notations for goals and intentions (with GRL, mainly for non-functional requirements and quality attributes) and scenarios (with UCM, mainly for operational requirements, functional requirements, and performance and architectural reasoning). In particular, URN has concepts for the specification of goals, non-functional requirements, rationales, behaviour, scenarios, and structuring. URN allows software and requirements engineers to discover and specify requirements for a proposed system or an evolving system, and analyse such requirements for correctness and completeness. URN is applicable within standards bodies and industry. It helps to describe and communicate requirements, and to develop reasoning about them. The main applications areas include telecommunications systems, services, and business processes, but URN is generally suitable for describing most types of reactive systems and information systems. The range of applications is from business goals and requirements description to high-level design.

The Goal-oriented Requirement Language (GRL)

GRL in a Nutshell

The Goal-oriented Requirement Language is a graphical language for supporting goal-oriented modelling and reasoning about requirements, especially non-functional requirements and quality attributes. It provides constructs for expressing various types of concepts that appear during the requirement process. GRL has its roots in two widespread goal-oriented modelling languages: i* and the NFR Framework. Major benefits of GRL over other popular notations include an integration with a scenario notation and a clear separation of model elements from their graphical representation, enabling a scalable and consistent representation of multiple views/diagrams of the same goal model.

Why use the Goal-oriented Requirement Language?

  • Goals become an important driver for requirements elaboration. Yet, stakeholders goals and objectives are complex and will conflict
  • GRL expresses and clarifies tentative, ill-defined and ambiguous requirements
    • Models goals and their importance to stakeholders
    • Supports argumentation, negotiation, conflict detection & resolution, and in general decisions
    • Captures decision rationale and criteria (documentation!)
  • GRL identifies alternative requirements and alternative system boundaries
  • GRL provides clear traceability from strategic objectives to technical requirements
  • GRL allows reuse of stable higher-level goals when the system evolves
  • GRL strategies help visualize satisfaction levels related to high-level decisions
  • Nothing like this in UML...

The Use Case Maps (UCM) Notation

UCMs in a Nutshell

The Use Case Map notation is a graphical language that employ scenario paths to illustrate causal relationships among responsibilities. UCM models provide an integrated view of behaviour and structure by allowing the superimposition of scenario paths on a structure of abstract components. The combination of behaviour and structure enables architectural reasoning after which UCM specifications may be refined into more detailed scenario models such as MSCs and UML sequence diagrams, or into state machines in SDL or UML statechart diagrams and finally into concrete implementations. Validation, verification, performance analysis, interaction detection, and test generation can be performed at all stages. Thus, the UCM notation enables a seamless transition from the informal to the formal by bridging the modeling gap between goal models and natural language requirements (e.g. use cases) and design in an explicit and visual way. The UCM notation allows the user to delay the specification of component states and messages and even, if desired, of concrete components to later, more appropriate, stages of the development process. The goal of the UCM notation is to provide the right degree of formality at the right time in the development process.

Why use Use Case Maps?

  • Bridge the modeling gap between use cases, requirements, and design
    • Link behavior and structure in an explicit and visual way
    • Provide a behavioral framework for making (evaluating) architectural decisions at a high level of design
    • Characterize the behavior at the architecture level once the architecture is decided
  • Convey a lot of information in a compact form
  • Use case maps integrate many scenarios
    • Enables reasoning about potential undesirable interactions of scenarios
  • Provide ability to model dynamic systems where scenarios and structures may change at run-time
    • Business processes
    • E-commerce applications, Web services
    • Distributed systems based on agents
  • Effective learning tool for people unfamiliar with the domain
  • UCM scenarios may be transformed (e.g., into MSC/sequence diagrams, performance models, test goals)


  • For an in-depth explanation of both notations, which are portions of the User Requirements Notation (URN), please visit

Quick Tour of Eclipse and jUCMNav

Creating and Opening Files

  • In Eclipse, one must understand that all files and folders must be in projects. You can create a new project by using a wizard: File -> New -> Project.
    • Choose Simple -> Project.
  • Once a project is created, select it and create a new jUCMNav file (*.jucm)
    • File -> New -> Other
    • jUCMNav -> Use Case Map / GRL Graph, Click next.
    • Choose the containing project and name your .jucm file.
    • Select whether you want the URN model to include a default UCM and/or GRL diagram.
    • Click finish.
  • Later, you can open and close files by using the Navigator view. You can also use the File -> Import wizard to import existing files from the file system into your Eclipse workspace.


  • Now that you have an open file, you might be wondering why your interface does not look exactly like the screenshots below. This is because Eclipse uses perspectives to layout all the windows in the interface. Perspectives can be saved, reset and changed.
    • jUCMNav has its own perspectives (one for regular editing as in the first screenshot, the other for scenario execution as in the second screenshot).
      • Window -> Open Perspective -> Other
      • Choose jUCMNav (or jUCMNav Execution).
  • Later, you may return to another perspective by using the alternatives presented in the Windows menu bar or by clicking on the >> button at the top right of your screen.


Views and Editor

  • Navigator View
    • Top left corner
    • Contains all the files in your projects.
  • Editor
    • Center of the page.
    • The main location for manipulating URN models.
    • When one opens a file, an editor is opened.
    • Because one file can contain multiple GRL/UCM diagrams in one model, this editor has multiple tabs at the bottom.
    • Will be described in greater depth in further sections.
    • Double click on the title to use the whole screen to edit your model.
  • Palette
    • There is a collapsible palette inside of the editor, on its right side.
    • It can be moved to the left or side, or collapsed if screen real estate is scarce.
    • The described contains elements that can be inserted into a diagram.
    • Different layouts and icon sizes are available by righ-clicking on the palette.
    • Will be studied in greater depth in further sections.
    • Important: Press ESC to replace the currently selected tool with the selection tool.
  • Outline View
    • (see additional screenshot below)
    • Bottom left corner
    • Shows an outline of the contents of the URN specification currently loaded editor.
    • From this view, you will be able to add/remove UCMs/GRL diagrams and manipulate component, responsibilities, actors, and intentional element definitions.
    • Selecting something in the editor will reflect the selection in the outline and vice-versa.
    • The outline has multiple sub-views. The regular outline with diagrams and definitions view visualizes everything in the model in a tree view format.
    • The definitions sub-view (small D icon) filters the list to only show element definitions (as opposed to references or particular diagrams). This view makes it easier to drag definitions onto diagrams.
    • The concerns sub-view (small C icon) shows the various concerns in the model (for Aspect-oriented URN).
    • The graphical outline view (mini UCM/GRL icon) shows a smaller graphical view of what is contained within the editor, allowing you to easily navigate larger diagrams.
  • Scenarios / Strategies view
    • Bottom middle
    • Shows the scenarios and strategies that have been defined for this URN model.
    • One can switch between design and execution view by using the icons in this view's toolbar
    • While in execution view, if we select a scenario or strategy, it will be executed and the results will be visually shown.
  • Properties View
    • Bottom right side of screen; can be moved elsewhere if needed, as with any Eclipse view.
    • When an element is selected in the Editor, its properties are shown here.
    • Many properties can be updated through this view.
    • For complex properties, dialogs or wizards may be offered to simplify the manipulation.
  • Elements View
    • Behind the Outline view.
    • For UCMs: Shows the names/descriptions of every responsibility in the current map.
    • For GRL: Shows the names/descriptions of every intentional element in the current graph
  • Problems View
    • Behind the Properties view.
    • jUCMNav scenarios may generate errors / warnings that are added in this view.
    • Double-clicking on an error / warning will bring you to the model element that caused the problem.
  • Toolbar
    • At the top of the interface, there is a toolbar of buttons.
    • The toolbar includes some standard Eclipse buttons, such as undo-redo and navigation back through your history.
    • It also includes some jUCMNav specific buttons: a zoom selector, a button to open jUCMNav's display preferences, a button to toggle the advanced mode feature and a button to open the auto-layout mechanism.
    • The display preferences enable you to hide certain items (for example UCM empty points), useful when including models in documents for publications


  • Open the Window -> Preferences -> jUCMNav Preferences menu to edit jUCMNav's preferences.
  • The top-level preferences concern various display options.
    • Author name: This name is used to record the creator of a URN model and used in a few reports.
    • Diagram Display Options: These hide/show various model elements, which can be useful when models are to be included in official documents (publications, etc.) where it is desirable to remove design elements.
    • Advanced Mode: These are advanced features which are not typically used by beginners. When deactivated, they are no longer included in the user interface, to avoid confusing those unfamiliar with those concepts.
    • Use anti-aliasing in diagrams: a visualization option
    • Add existing GRL links automatically: when dragging a GRL definition to a diagram, this option will inform jUCMNav to automatically create links (decompositions, contributions, etc.) to other elements already on the diagram, based on the links already defined in the model.
    • Use a strict UCM pseudo-code editor: This option ensures that the pseudo-code editor used within UCM diagrams enforces the standard pseudo-code syntax.
  • Auto-layout preferences are mainly about stating where GraphViz (required) is installed, orientation and page size.
  • Color Preferences define some standard colors used in jUCMNav.
  • GRL Strategy Evaluation Algorithm: Defines how evaluations are calculated by strategies within GRL models.
  • KPI Monitoring Preferences: The URL to fetch the KPI values used in the model.
  • Metrics Preferences: Manage the list of metrics which can be computed on the model.
  • Outline Preferences: Filters/sorts the outline view based on these settings.
  • Reference/Definition Preferences: Specifies how to behave when deleting references/definitions.
  • Report Generation Preferences: Display settings used within the various reports.
  • Scenario Export Preferences: Various options related to exporting scenarios from a UCM model.
  • Static Semantics Checking Preferences: Manages the list of semantic checks which can be applied on the model.
  • UCM Scenario Traversal Algorithm: Defines how scenarios are evaluated within UCM models.

Part II - Basic Editing

Note: Many of these features are illustrated with Flash demos (see JUCMNavTutorials).

Keyboard shortcuts

  • The following text discusses actions that can be performed using the mouse.
  • Most of these can be done using the standard GEF editor keyboard shortcuts.
  • With an element selected, use the arrow keys to change your selection. Hold the Ctrl or select key while using the arrow keys to expand your selection.
  • With elements selected, hit the . (period) key. Your arrow keys will now allow you to move the selected elements. Hit enter to confirm the new location.
  • Using the . (period) key, you can cycle between move and resize different bounds. For example, select a component, hit period twice and you can resize its right bound using the arrow keys and confirm the new size using enter.


Adding a GRL or UCM diagram

  • This can be done in many ways:
    • jUCMNav menu --> Add GRL Diagram (or Add Use Case Map)
    • Right-click any element in the Outline View --> Add GRL graph (or Add UCM)
    • Right-click any element in the Editor --> Add GRL graph (or Add UCM)
  • Notice a new diagram has been added in the outline and a new tab exists at the bottom of the page.
  • The new diagram has been opened in the editor.
  • To return to your previous diagram, click on its tab or its entry in the outline and it will be reopened.
  • Furthermore, the toolbar contains a back and next arrow to browse through your navigation history.

References versus Definitions

  • Some UCM and GRL constructs use references and definitions (UCM components, UCM responsibilities, GRL actors, GRL intentional elements, and GRL links).
  • When creating a reference, you also create a new definition. See the Outline view for a list of all definitions in a model.
  • You can drag and drop a definition from the Outline view (in the UCM/GRL definitions section) to the editor.
  • All references must be associated to a definition, but not all definitions must have references.
  • Unreferenced GRL/UCM definitions are grayed out in the Outline view
  • You can change the associated definition of a reference in the Properties view.
  • Properties such as name and descriptions are stored in the definitions. Modification of these properties update all references.
  • Note that definitions must have unique names.

Components (UCM) / Actors (GRL)

  • Insertion / Moving
    • To insert a component or actor reference, select it in the palette and click in the editor to insert it.
    • You may also click and drag when inserting to resize it on creation.
    • If you click anywhere on the component/actor reference, it is selected.
    • Once selected, you can move the component/actor in the editor.
    • If you click on the bounds of the component/actor, you may resize it.
    • When creating a component or actor, a label will be created automatically.
    • The label represents the name of the component/actor definition. If you change the name field in the properties, you will change the definition's name. All references in the editor will be updated.
    • You can also double click on a label to change it directly in the editor.
  • Other properties
    • You can change the fill and line color of references in the properties. All references will be updated. Note that if filled is false, the fill color will be ignored; the component/actor will appear transparent.
    • Components can have different kinds. You can change the component kind in the properties. Changing the kind will have a visual impact on the figure.
    • One cannot move or resize fixed components/actors.

Intentional Elements (GRL)

  • Insertion / Editing
    • To create a new intentional element, select it type (Softgoal, Goal, Task, or Resource) in the palette and click in the editor to insert it (or drag and drop the element from the palette to the editor).
    • Intentional elements are resized automatically in the editor. The element size is calculated using the element name length. You may also manually resize intentional elements by dragging one of their borders.
    • You can double click on an intentional element to edit it name.
    • You can change an intentional element type using the properties view.
    • The importance of the element to its containing actor (if any) is shown between parenthesis next to the intentional element's name
  • Other properties
    • Fill and line colors can be changed in the properties. Note that fill and line colors are ignored if a GRL strategy is applied.
    • Criticality, priority and decomposition type are properties associated with the references. Modifying the value for a reference does not affect other references in the model.

Beliefs (GRL)

  • Creation / Editing
    • Create a belief using the belief element in the palette
    • Beliefs are local to diagrams
    • The size of the element is set based on the length of the description
    • The description can be modified by double-clicking on the belief
  • Belief links
    • Links can be create between beliefs and intentional element references using the Belief Link tool. To create a link, select the tool, click on the starting element (belief) and on the destination element (intentional element reference).

Creating Paths (UCM)

  • Creation
    • To create a path, select the path tool in the palette.
    • Click once in the editor and notice a small path being created.
    • Notice the end point is selected.
    • Click elsewhere in the editor.
    • The path will be extended.
    • Repeat until satisfied and click the selection tool in the palette to disable this behaviour.
  • Extensions
    • Select a start or end point, choose the path tool in the palette.
    • Your next click will extend the path.
    • To insert an empty point on an existing path, click on a node connection with the path tool selected. Notice the new empty point was added and that the path's empty point is selected.
  • Inserting path elements
    • To insert path elements on a path, simply select the path element in the palette and click on the node connection on which it is to be inserted.
    • As with component references and definitions, the responsibilities that are inserted on a path are references. See the components section for more information about references versus definitions.

Decomposition, Dependencies, and Contributions (GRL)

  • Creation
    • Links can be created between intentional element. To create a link, select the type (Decomposition, Contribution, or Dependency). Then, click on start element and on the destination element.
    • Only one link can be create between two elements.
    • Links are created using references and definitions.
    • Contribution levels are set through the Properties view.

Elements bound to components (UCM) / actors (GRL)

  • By default, any element moved onto a component/actor is bound to it.
  • When bound, elements are moved and resized automatically if one moves or resizes the parent.
  • If you move a component/actor behind other elements, these will not be bound. Automatic binding occurs when moving elements onto components/actors.
  • If you wish to bind these other elements to a component/actors, you may use the contextual menu option to do so.
  • One can bind/unbind an element from its parent using either the contextual menu or property page.
  • One can bind/unbind all enclosed elements from a component/actor using the contextual menu.
  • Note the special behavior concerning fixed components/actors.

Working with labels (UCM/GRL)

  • Some labels are created automatically when an element is created: start points, end points, responsibilities, stubs, components, actors.
  • These labels contain the name of the element.
  • They can be moved around freely. When the labelled element is moved, the labels will move as well.
  • You can hide these labels by deleting them (contextual menu or delete key).
  • The name of the element can be changed directly in the editor by double clicking on the label.

Forks/Joins (UCM)

  • To insert a fork or join on a path, you can use the palette and do as you would with any other path node.
  • You can also use the palette and insert them directly on an empty point.
  • The contextual menus also allow you to replicate the same behaviour.
  • It is also possible to drag and drop a start point on a node connection or empty point to form an OR fork. The same is applicable for an dragging an end point on a node connection or empty point and creating an OR join.
  • If you need to change an OR fork/join into an AND fork/join, use the contextual menu.
  • Additional branches can be inserted on forks and joins using the contextual menu or by using the same drag and drop technique illustrated above.

Conditions (UCM)

  • The node connections exiting OR forks, timers and waits can have conditions that will be illustrated visually.
  • To insert a condition, select the node connections and modify its properties. You must change the label field to the condition you want to be displayed. The expression field is used for scenario evaluation.
  • Start points can have pre-conditions and end points, post-conditions. The behaviour is the same.
  • To hide a condition label, change its text to an empty string or delete it.
  • See the scenario portion of this guide to learn more about the syntax of conditions in jUCMNav.

Deletion (UCM/GRL)

  • You can select an element and use the contextual menu or press the delete key to remove it from the URN diagram. If a reference is deleted, its definition will not be affected, unless you are deleting the last reference associated with this definition and the preferences state it should also be deleted.
  • You can select multiple elements using your mouse or the select all option and delete them all.
  • You can delete elements via the outline, but can only delete definitions that have no references (unless you have specified otherwise in the preferences).
  • UCM
    • If a stub, join or fork is deleted, the existing branches will be truncated.
    • You can delete a portion of a path by deleting its start point or end point.
    • If only one entry/exist path subsists for a join/fork, it will be replaced with an empty point.
    • If no entry paths and no exist paths subsist for a stub, it will be deleted as well.
  • GRL
    • Deleting an intentional element reference delete all the link references associate to the element. The link definition is deleted if the model does not contain other references to the link.

Waiting places, timers and connects (UCM)

  • Timers can have a timeout path. Use the context menu to insert a timeout path. It has a special icon to help identify it.
  • As mentioned previously, waiting places and timers have conditions. The timeout path condition is the logical opposite of the regular path's condition. Therefore, one cannot add a condition on the timeout path.
  • To create a synchronous connection, select both an end point and a starting point, waiting place or timer to choose the connect elements option in the contextual menu.
  • Once connected, the path elements will move together. If they overlap, simply use the outline to select the one beneath to modify its properties.
  • To disconnect the elements afterwards, use the contextual menu.
  • Asynchronous connections work similarly, but using an empty point and starting point, waiting place or timer.
  • Drag and drop also works to create connections, for waiting places and timers only.

Part III - Advanced Editing

Zooming and view modes

  • There are controls in the toolbar located above the editor. Next to the obvious undo/redo buttons is located the zoom level drop down box.
  • Select a zoom level and the editor will be updated.
  • Note that only the currently opened diagram will be affected.
  • To the right of the zoom level drop down box is the view mode drop down box.
  • Using this drop down box, one can choose to hide all empty points from the editor or to hide all empty points and stub labels.


  • In the toolbar, there is also a round button. Click on it to open the auto-layout wizard.
  • If you have GraphViz (dot) installed, the wizard will automatically position the elements of the current diagram.
  • Auto-layout is very useful when importing GRL catalogues into a URN model.
  • Auto-layout can be undone.

Using Stubs

  • Stub plugins
    • Open a stub's contextual menu and select the "Edit stub plugins" option.
    • This view allows you to bind a stub to other maps.
    • The left portion of the screen presents a list of possible maps that this stub can be bound to.
    • If the checkbox next to a map is checked, it is bound to this stub. Note that static stubs can only be bound to one map.
    • Check one box and observe the plugin tree at the middle of the screen.
  • Plugin tree
    • The plugin tree lists all the current bindings. Click on the binding between a map and the plugin and notice the new panel to the right of the screen.
    • This panel has two tabs.
      • First, the start/end point shows the relationships between the stubs in/out paths and the plugin's start/end points. When the path is traversed, it will pass through the Stub's in-bound path down into the related plugin's start point. It will then flow through the plugin map and, once it hits an end point, it bubble back up to the stub's associated outbound path.
      • Second, the Components/Responsibilities tab lets you define relationships between these elements in the parent map and the plugin map. In the child, the associated element will behave as if it was passing through the parent element.
    • To create associations, simply select one element in the left list and another in the right list and click the bind (<->) button. Certain elements can be re-used.
    • If you ever need to delete this binding, select it in the plugin tree and press the delete button.
  • Binding condition
    • The bottom right portion of the view defines the condition that must be respected in order for this plugin to be activated. Click on ... to open the pseudo-code editor.
    • Labels (displayed between [...]) can be provided, together with descriptions.
    • A probability can also be associated with the binding, and one can also indicate whether the plugin should be executed as a transaction.



Exporting Images

  • To export a diagram to an image (*.jpg, *.gif, *.png or *.bmp), select a diagram background, open the contextual menu and select the export option.
  • Alternatively, you could access the same option in the diagram's or URNSpec's contextual menu in the outline or by using the File -> Export -> Export UCM/GRL/URN menu.
  • Choose to export individual diagrams in order to produce diagrams for each individual file. Ctrl-A will select all diagrams.
  • Select the path where the images should be saved, the file type and select the diagrams to export, and press finish.

Other Import/Exports

  • jUCMNav's import/export mechanisms are extensible via plugins to jUCMNav.
  • Some example plugins:
    • Import/Export in standard Z.151 format (XML)
    • Import/Export GRL Catalogues
    • Export to .dot format for GraphViz
    • Export GRL Strategies to .csv files
    • Export Scenario Execution Traces (as UCM or MSC), see Part V.
    • Export to Telelogic DOORS DXL
      • jUCMNav can export and synchronize URN models with Telelogic DOORS for requirements management and traceability.
      • For more information and online demos, see DoorsExport
    • Export to CSM
      • Exports UCM models to the CoreScenarioModel representation, targeting performance modelling.
      • UCM models need to include resource definitions expressing deployment information, as well as resource usage and workload information.
      • jUCMNav includes several wizards and windows enabling users to input this information, for instance
      • For more information, see CsmExport

Report Generation

  • jUCMNav allows users to export URN models to PDF documents, RTF (Microsoft Word) documents or HTML pages.
  • The Report Generation Preferences allow you to specify the dimensions and orientation of the report’s pages (for PDF and RTF reports). These preferences also allow you to specify the elements you wish to include in the report. In particular, it is possible to include the following URN elements:
    • Diagram descriptions (UCM and GRL diagrams).
    • URN links.
    • UCM-specific preferences. If the “Show UCM diagrams and descriptions” preference is checked, you can decide whether or not the report should include information related to responsibilities, stubs, or forks, start points and end points, in addition to the UCM diagrams themselves.
    • Documentation and execution of scenarios. If the “Show scenario execution information” preference is checked, the report will have a section that will execute each scenario that is part of the model, and will return the execution result (i.e. Passed or Failed) as well as information on errors/warnings (if any) that occurred during the execution. If the “Show scenario information” preference is checked, the report will have a section describing each component (included scenarios, start/end points, initializations, preconditions and postconditions) of the scenarios present in the model.
    • GRL-related preferences. If the “Show GRL diagrams and descriptions” preference is checked, you can decide whether or not the report should include information related to GRL beliefs and intentional elements, in addition to the GRL diagrams themselves.
    • GRL Strategy evaluations. If the “Show Strategy Evaluation information” is checked, you can decide whether or not the report should evaluate the trends of the strategy evaluations found in the model, in addition to the evaluations themselves. If that last preference is checked, you will need to specify the number of evaluations to be used when a trend is calculated.

  • Typical PDF and RTF reports contain the following sections (here listed in order of appearance):
    • A title page.
    • A data dictionary section: this section includes a list of scenario groups (with all their scenarios), the names/descriptions of variables, GRL intentional elements as well as GRL actors and a strategy legend (used in the strategy evaluation table, displayed in the following section).
    • A section including all the evaluations of strategies that are part of the model, as well as a trend for each intentional element/actor.
    • A section including all the diagrams present in the URN model, as well as a description of their components.
    • A Scenario Documentation section: this section includes the scenario execution summary for all scenarios that are part of the model, followed by information on every component of these scenarios.
    • Note that one or more of these sections could be missing depending on the values of the Report Generation Preferences and the elements present in the model.
  • The HTML reports contain an interactive menu that consists of three main sections:
    • UCM Diagrams: By clicking on this directory, you will be able to see the links to every UCM diagram present in the model. These links are listed as sub-menus of the UCM Diagrams menu. Each of these sub-menus will lead to an HTML page consisting of the corresponding diagram as well as a description of each of its components.
    • GRL Diagrams: By clicking on this directory, you will be able to see the links to every GRL diagram present in the model. These links are listed as sub-menus of the GRL Diagrams menu. Each of these sub-menus will lead to an HTML page consisting of the corresponding diagram as well as a description of each of its components.
    • Definitions: This menu contains a UCM Definitions sub-menu, a GRL Definitions sub-menu, a UCM Scenarios sub-menu as well as a link to the report’s title page.
      • The UCM Definitions page typically consists of a description of the model’s variables, enumeration types, as well as a list of the model’s scenario groups.
      • The GRL Definitions page typically consists of the strategy evaluation table.
      • The UCM Scenarios page consists of a summary of the execution of each scenario that is part of the model, as well as a description of each component of these scenarios.
    • Note that it is possible that one or more pages are empty (i.e. contain only the titles of the various sections without any information). This will depend on the values of the Report Generation Preferences as well as the components that are present in the URN model.
  • To generate a report, select File -> Export… -> Generate a Report (or select that context menu on a .jucm file in the Navigator view).

  • Next, select the target directory, the report format (PDF, RTF or HTML Pages). If the type selected is either PDF or RTF, you will need to specify the report name as well as the diagrams to export. Note that the diagram list displayed in the wizard is filtered according to the value of the preferences mentioned above. UCM diagrams will be displayed if the “Show UCM diagrams and descriptions preferences” or one of the two scenario preferences is checked. Similarly, GRL diagrams will be shown if the “Show GRL diagrams and descriptions” or the “Show Strategy Evaluation information” is checked.
  • When all parameters have been entered, click on Finish.


  • When the “Show GRL Strategy Evaluations trend” preference is checked, the strategy evaluation table in the report will contain an additional column which illustrates the variation of the numerical value of the intentional element or actor by calculating a trend. The trend is calculated based on the last 3 evaluations by default, which can be modified in the preferences. The value entered in the preferences will be displayed in the Strategy Legend section of the report. There must be at least two strategies in order to calculate a trend. A positive trend is represented by an up arrow, a negative trend by a down arrow, a neutral trend (no variation) by a straight arrow and a varying trend by a zigzagging arrow. If there are not enough strategies to calculate a trend (number of strategies is less than two or smaller than the number set in the preferences), a question mark will be displayed instead to indicate that no trend could be calculated.

  • This export is work in progress. Among the current features present and missing in the report generator:
    • OCL constraints are not reported.
    • Information related to KPIs is not displayed.
Click here to view a series of tutorial videos on jUCMNav's report generation tool as well as a few report samples.

GRL Catalogues

  • GRL catalogues are reusable high-level GRL models, often used to describe common model elements and relationships related to non-functional aspects.
  • Catalogues are used to start new models or add concerns to existing ones. They consist of a XML file describing:
    • Intentional elements
    • Decomposition, contribution, and dependency links
    • Actors
    • Containment of intentional elements in actors
  • To create a catalogue, in a URN model, use the Export mechanism and choose to export the whole URN file. The file type is *.grl for catalogues.
  • To import a catalogue in a model, select Import in the contextual menu and select the .grl file to import.
    • The import mechanism creates a new GRL diagram with the above four types of elements (intentional elements, links, actors, containment).
    • If a name already exist in the model where the catalogue is imported, then the imported elements gets a numerical suffix (-1, -2, -3...) and can be renamed or changed later to refer to the original file definition.
    • The autolayout feature can be used to display the diagram.


  • jUCMNav allows users to add metadata to any model element. Metadata information is a pair <Name, Value>, and many such pairs can be attached to a model element. This can be used in ad hoc analysis or transformations.
  • The Metadata Editor (above) is invoked by selecting a model element and right-clicking on the Edit Metadata item in the pop-up menu.
  • The type of element (first pull-down menu) can be used as a filter. The second pull-down menu allows to select an element of the desired type.
  • The window includes a table that shows the name-value pairs attached to the model element. New ones can be added, and the existing ones can be edited and deleted.
  • For elements that are references to definitions, metadata can be created on both the reference and the definition.
  • Metadata with names that start with ST are considered as stereotypes and will be shown between << and >> in the element's label. The label of the element will include a ¶ symbol to indicate the presence of non-stereotype metadata. Metadata values are shown in the element's tool ship as illustrated below. metadataIndicators.png
  • The concept of URN links has been greatly expanded from previous versions of jUCMNav. Currently URN links can be created between any two URN model elements. These can be any UCM or GRL diagram element, URN definition objects ( Component, Responsibility, Actor, Intentional Element ), Evaluation Strategies and groups, UCM Scenarios and groups, as well as UCM and GRL diagrams themselves
  • URN links are created, viewed and managed by a popup menu invoked by the "URN Links ..." contextual menu item. Links can be created, modified ( by modifying the URN link type ), and deleted.
  • Once an element has one or more links, one of three icons are displayed next to the element labels. A triangle pointing to the right for outgoing links, a triangle pointing to the left for incoming links, or two triangles pointing in both directions for elements that have both incoming and outgoing links.
  • When a new URN link is created the user must either choose an existing URN link type (a string) from a list or enter a new type. Newly entered types are added to the global list. The types in this global list can be renamed or deleted.
  • It is possible to navigate to the opposite end of a link by selecting either "Show Target" or "Show Source" depending on whether the current selected element is the start or end of the link.
  • An example of a popup menu and the URN link creation dialog is shown.

URN Link creation dialog:

jUCMNav offers users a convenient way of creating new elements and automatically make URN Link between the selected element and the newly created element.

  1. In the GRL Graph editor or UCM Map editor, select a element or multiple elements that you want to link to new elements; For example, we select a GRL goal “Security” here by left click the element: CreateAndLinkToElements-1.jpg
  2. Click the button “Create and Link to New Element” in the toolbar;
  3. For some type of elements, you need to choose which type of element you want to create and link to;

    For example here, we can choose to link Security to a new UCM Map or a new UCM Responsibility.


If we choose “Map” here, a new Map with the same name of the element “Security” is created beside the current graph “GRLGraph1441”.

And we can see that the goal “Security” has been linked now as there’s URN Link icon above it.


Further checking the URN Link (right click on goal “Security”, choose “URN Links..."), we can see that it’s linked to the newly created UCMmap “Security”.


If we choose “Responsibility” here, we can see that a new Responsibility Definition with the same name of the element “Security” is created, and we can find it under the Category of “Responsibility Definitions” in OutlineView.


Further checking the URN Link (right click on goal “Security”, choose “URN Links..."), we can see that it’s linked to the newly created Responsibility “Security”. Or we can hover our cursor on the element, we can see the tip shows where it traces to.


  • For GRL Actor, a UCM Component is created and linked;
  • For GRL IntentionalElement, user can choose to create and link to a UCM Map or UCM Responsibility;
  • For UCM Component, a GRL Actor is created and linked;
  • For UCM Map or UCM Responsibility, user can choose to create and link to 3 types of GRL IntentionalElement: Goal, SoftGoal, Task;

Bilingual models

  • Up until version 5.0.0, jUCMNav supported different user interface languages (English, French), but only supported unilingual models. Every element in the model was in the language chosen by the designer.
  • Version 5.0.0 introduces the concept of bilingual models. Given any existing model, one can use the jUCMNav -> Switch Model Language menu option. This will copy the name or description of every element into metadata. The designer can now freely translate every model element name or description into a second language.
  • Once completed, the designer can select jUCMNav -> Switch Model Language again, to revert back to the original language.
  • This enables the evolution of a bilingual model without having to manage separate files.

Comparing Models using EMF Compare.

  • Download and install EMF Compare
  • The Eclipse "Compare With" feature will then be enabled on *.jucm files.
  • This enables you to compare various revisions of the same file with version control or two different models in your workspace. EMF Compare visualizes all differences between both models (additions, deletions, changes, etc.).

Part IV GRL Strategies

  • The concept of GRL strategies is a mechanism developed in jUCMNav to analyze GRL models using a set of user-defined evaluations.
  • There are two evaluation labels use in strategies. One to evaluate the satisfaction level of intentional elements (goals, softgoals, resources and tasks) which is located on top of the intentional element and can be set only at evaluation time; the other one to calculate a global satisfaction value for actors which is located inside the intentional element and can be set any time .
  • GRL strategies are visualized using the execution view (selected in Scenarios and Strategies view).
  • Different evaluation algorithms can be used. Currently, jUCMNav supports six algorithms, and the selection is done through the Preferences page: algorithm_selection.png
    • A fully quantitative evaluation (with numerical contributions and satisfaction levels)
    • A fully qualitative evaluation (with qualitative contributions and satisfaction levels)
    • Two hybrid evaluations (with qualitative contributions but with quantitative satisfaction levels).
    • Formula based evaluations.
    • A constraint solver based quantitative evaluation
  • See Appendix II of Z.151 for a definition of the algorithms.

Managing Strategies

  • Strategy Creation/Deletion
    • In the Scenarios and Strategies view, under GRL Evaluation Strategies, the contextual menu allows creating, deleting and duplicating evaluation groups and strategies.
    • Evaluation groups are constructs to store one or more strategies. Strategies must be created in an evaluation group.
    • Strategies can contain other strategies. The containing strategy will thus apply the child evaluations in the order of their inclusion.

Constraint solver based evaluation (Hao2011 algorithm)

  • With this evaluation, the satisfaction values are between -100 (denied) and +100 (satisficed). A special value(-101) is assigned to unsolvable case. The basic mappings between GRL model and the constraint(s) are as follows:
    • Node B contribute to Node A by X: A = MAX (-100, MIN(100,(B * X)/100 ) )
    • Node B AND-compose Node A: A = B
    • Node B OR-compose Node A: A = B
    • Node B depends on Node A: B <= A
  • Currently, if more than one solution can be found in the domain, the smallest value in domain will be used as the evaluation result.
  • Constraint solving is NP-hard in nature: the execution of the strategy can sometimes take a few seconds.

(Now deprecated) Mixed evaluation (Roy2006 algorithm)

  • With this evaluation, the satisfaction values are between -100 (denied) and +100 (satisficed). The correspondence between quantitative and the qualitative is:
    • Satisficed: 100
    • Weakly Satisficed: 1 to 99
    • Unknown: 0
    • Weakly Denied: -1 to -99
    • Denied: -100
  • In Execution mode, qualitative evaluations are displayed next to numerical evaluations.
  • Default evaluation value is 0 (Unknown).

Analyzing GRL models

  • Intentional elements and GRL strategies:
    • Once a strategy is created, select it and switch to Execution view. For strategies without user evaluations, evaluations are 0 for all intentional elements and actors.
    • In the properties view, set the strategy properties (name, description and author).
    • To set an evaluation for an intentional element, select the element in the editor. In the properties view, under Strategy, set the evaluationLevel property (between 100 and -100). The new evaluation is propagated to other elements using the links (contributions, dependencies, decompositions) associated to the intentional element definition. Note that user evaluations overwrite calculated evaluations. Elements with user-defined evaluations are identified with a star (*).
    • To delete a user evaluation, select the intentional element. In the contextual menu, choose Delete User Evaluation. The calculated evaluation is restored and propagated. * The Roy2006 algorithm (now deprecated) in jUCMNav calculates the evaluations using the following method:
      Decompositions are calculated as a standard AND/OR graph (as shown in the following figure).

Contributions must have a label other than "Unknown" to be used in the algorithm. The following diagram shows example of typical contributions for elements.


An element that depends on others elements as an evaluation less or equal (<=) to the minimal value of the elements it depends on. The following figure shows how dependencies are propagated.

  • The Hao2011 algorithm in jUCMNav calculates the evaluations with great flexibility:
    • Standard bottom-up approach is supported:
    • Top down approach is supported
    • Generic case with constraints set on some nodes is supported
    • Unsolvable case is visualized with blue color code and special value(-101)
    • Tasks as leaf nodes are limited to take either 0 or 100 as values
    • Generic case with constaints and tasks as leaf nodes is supported
  • Actors and GRL strategies
    • The actor evaluation label is calculated based on the bound intentional element references. It is displayed in a label at the top of actors in execution mode.
    • A priority and criticality is required for intentional element references to be considered in the actor evaluation. By default, all elements have a criticality and priority of "None", resulting to a value of 0 for actor evaluations.
    • Elements with highest priority and criticality have the most influence on evaluations.
    • Priority and criticality must be set for each reference.

Exporting/Importing Strategies in CSV

  • Suppose you have a dozen strategies defined for your model. Having screenshots is not very helpful in comparing all of them at the same time (especially when you have many diagrams). jUCMNav hence allows you to export the evaluations of all the strategies in a .csv file that you can then import in Excel to get a nice, tabular view of everything that happens.
    1. Right-click on URNspec in the Outline view and select Export
    2. In the export wizard, select Export the whole URN file and click Next.
    3. In the next page, select the Comma-separated Values - GRL Strategies (.csv) option in the File type selection box.
    4. Also choose the target directory and file name and click Finish
    5. (optional) In Excel (or similar tool), open the .csv file just generated. You now have a tabular representation of the satisfaction levels for all elements, per strategy!
  • Later, these strategies can be re-imported.
    1. Right-click on URNspec in the Outline view and select Import.
    2. In the import wizard, select GRL Strategy Evaluations (*.csv) from the file type selection box. Choose the file to import, your target folder (mandatory, although will not be used) and click Import.
    3. The strategies will be created in your model. Missing intentional elements will generate warnings.

Contribution Changes (Contribution Overrides)

  • Contributions have static values which are defined at design time. However, it is possible to create Contribution Overrides which will change these values at runtime, once enabled.
  • To do so, right-click on the Contribution Overrides folder in the Scenarios and Strategies view and click on Create an Contribution Context Group.
  • Right-click on this group and click on Add Contribution Context. This is a container for the Contribution Overrides.
  • Enable this context by selecting it within the Scenario and Strategies view and activating the execution view. It is also helpful to activate a strategy at the same time to visualize the changes.
  • Change any Contribution value as you would normally do using the editor. Instead of changing the Contribution, this will create a Contribution Change within the Contribution Context you've just created.
  • Contribution changes show ** next to the contribution value. Contribution changes which are inherited from included contexts are shown with a * suffix instead.
  • Switch to design view and back to execution view (from the Scenarios and Strategies view) to disable this context and revert to the design values.
  • Contribution changes, contexts and context groups can be deleted, duplicated or moved via context menu options or drag & drop.

Strategy Difference Mode

  • When comparing the impact of different strategies, it is often desirable to visualize only the difference between two strategies: the difference between the evaluation of a particular element in two different strategies.
  • With an active strategy, right-click on the strategy in the Scenarios and Strategies view and select Start Strategy Difference Mode.
  • Select another strategy. The editor will show the difference between the two. If an element shows < 0 > as an evaluation, its value is the same as in the original strategy.
  • At any time, disable the difference mode by right-clicking on any strategy and selecting Stop Strategy Difference Mode.

Ranged Analysis

  • Intentional elements which possess an evaluation offer an additional "Edit Evaluation Range..." context menu option, when a strategy is active.
    • By entering values (start, end and step) and pressing Finish in this dialog, jUCMNav will evaluate all the entered options in succession and display the results (in range format) in the model.
    • For example, by entering Start=0, End=50 and Step=10, jUCMNav will execute the model for the values [0,10,20,30,40,50] and show the impact on the evaluation of the other elements. (ex: [0...50])
    • Executing any other strategy will revert back to the normal values.
  • Contribution Changes can also be ranges. Right-click on a contribution change and click "Edit Contribution Range ..." to perform a similar analysis.

Switching between the [-100,100] and [0,100] evaluation ranges

  • By default, jUCMNav evaluation strategies utilize the [-100,100] evaluation range. This implies that -100 is the worst evaluation and 100 is the best. In some contexts, it is desirable to ensure that all evaluations are positive, with 0 being the worst value instead of -100.
  • When enabled, elements with an evaluation of zero will appear as a red instead of yellow, as the worst value has been reached.
  • To toggle between these two settings, right-click on the URNspec in the Outline view and select Change this model's GRL evaluation range to [...] which will toggle from [-100,100] to [0,100]. The setting is model-specific and will thus revert back to the original setting if you open a new model.
  • You may set the default value for this setting (new models only) by going in jUCMNav GRL Strategy Evaluation Algorithm's preferences and changing the Visualize [-100,100] evaluation ranges as [0,100]? checkbox.

Part V UCM Scenarios

  • Scenarios execute a UCM model and highlight the traversed path in the diagrams. One can then verify that the traversal matches with the intended behaviour and rectify the situation if this is not the case.
  • You first design model by creating scenario groups and scenarios (using the contextual menu) while in the design view of the Scenarios and Strategies view. When satisfied, you proceed to the execution view to see the impact of your work when it is simulated.
  • A Flash demo on using scenario variables and another Flash demo on using UCM scenarios are also available.

Code and Condition Editor

  • Before executing your model, you must insert pseudo-code inside pre/post conditions and inside responsibilities (which change the internal state of the model).
  • If you double-click on a condition or responsibility in the UCM, a pseudo-code editor will be opened.
  • Some conditions are only available via the Properties view or the stub bindings view.


  • jUCMNav supports Booleans, Integers, and User-Defined Enumerations.
  • You may create these variables via the contextual menu of the Variable item in the Scenarios / Strategies treeview, or via the Create Variable Wizard, which is available in the pseudo-code editor.
  • Modifications to the variables (names, descriptions, etc.) can be done through the Properties view.

BNF Grammar

  • Some of you might be interested in seeing the grammar behind these editors. For others, examples follow.
  • For Conditions:
Expression              := Implication   
Implication             := Disjunction (Implies Disjunction)*   
Disjunction             := Conjunction ((Or | Xor ) Conjunction)*   
Conjunction             := Comparison (And Comparison)*   
Comparison              := BooleanUnit ((Equals| NotEquals) BooleanUnit)*   
Negation                := Not BooleanUnit  
BooleanUnit             := Negation | RelationalExpression | BooleanConstant   
RelationalExpression    := AdditiveExpression ((GreaterThan | GreaterOrEqualTo | LowerThan | LowerOrEqualTo) AdditiveExpression)?  
AdditiveExpression      := MultiplicativeExpression ((Addition | Substraction) MultiplicativeExpression)*  
MultiplicativeExpression:= UnaryExpression (Multiplication UnaryExpression)*  
UnaryExpression         := (Addition | Substraction)? ("(" Expression ")" | IntegerConstant | Identifier )  
And                     := "and" | "&&"  
Or                      := "or" | "||"  
Xor                     := "xor" | "^"  
Implies                 := "=&gt;"  
Equals                  := "=" | "=="  
NotEquals               := "/=" | "!="  
Not                      := "not" | "!"  
GreaterThan             := ">"  
GreaterOrEqualTo        := ">="  
LowerThan               := "<"  
LowerOrEqualTo          := "<="  
Addition                := "+"  
Substraction            := "-"  
Multiplication          := "*"  
IntegerConstant         := ["0"-"9"]+  
BooleanConstant         := "true" | "false"  
Identifier              := ["_","a"-"z","A"-"Z"](["_","a"-"z","A"-"Z", "0"-"9"])*
  • For responsibilities:
ResponsibilityAction   := Statement+ 
Statement              := Assignment | CompoundStatement  | IfStatement 
Assignment             := Identifier AssignmentOperator Expression StatementTerminator 
CompoundStatement      := "{" Statement* "}" 
IfStatement            := If Expression Statement (Else Statement)?  
AssignmentOperator     := "=" | ":=" 
If                     := "if" 
Else                   := "else" 
StatementTerminator    := ";" 


  • The astute reader will have discovered that we support (simultaneously) two different concrete notations. jUCMNav offers a Java-like syntax in addition to an SDL-like syntax.
  • The examples that follow use the Java-like syntax but can be trivially converted into the SDL-like syntax by swapping terminals.
  1. Condition Examples
VariableX && VariableY  
(VariableX && !(VariableX || VariableY)) => true  
(IntegerVariableA+IntegerVariableB)*2 <= -10  
_x - 3 == 0  
CurrentState == BLOCKED /* assuming a user-defined enumeration containing BLOCKED exists, and CurrentState is defined of the same type */ 
  • Notes
    • We do not support division (because we only have integers)
    • We do not support inline assignments in conditions (because the = operator is the comparison operator in the SDL-like syntax)
  1. Responsibility Examples
if (-x - 3 == 0)    { // comments are allowed.
else {
      VariableX=(-x+3 == 0);

Scenario children

Start Points

  • Start points are what launches a scenario. The default traversal algorithm executes them sequentially, in the order that they are defined (you can re-order them with the move up / move down contextual menu items). Other algorithms may decide to launch them in parallel. The same start point can be used many times in a scenario.

End Points

  • End points are defined as targets for the execution. These are points that must be traversed by the algorithm. Others may also be reached, but this is the minimum set. If they are not reached, errors appear in the Problems view.

Variable initializations, preconditions and postconditions

  • Each scenario has a variable initialization wizard that will, simply put, initialize the variables before launching the start points.
  • Scenario preconditions / postconditions are conditions that are evaluated at the scenario level. Once again, errors will appear in the Problems view if they are not true.
  • Start points and end points can also have preconditions and postconditions associated with them. These are distinct from the scenario level ones.
  • Depending on the algorithm settings defined in the preference page, an invalid precondition can either permanently abort a path or simply block it until the condition becomes true.

Included Scenarios

  • Included scenarios prevent from having to redefine the same elements in multiple scenarios. Scenarios will respect the start points, end points, variable initializations, preconditions and postconditions of the included scenarios.
  • A scenario can override initializations but can only append to the other scenario children.
  • NOTE: Scenario definitions in the scenario group named Init are now skipped when running all scenarios (including during MSC export). This Init group is hence a good candidate for defining partial scenarios that are included elsewhere but that are not meant to be run standalone.

Executing a Scenario

  • To execute a scenario, activate the execution view by clicking on its icon in the scenarios / strategies view. Then, click on a scenario and it will be automatically executed. If you change anything in the map, you may need to use the refresh toolbar button. Select another scenario to execute it.

Detecting Problems

  • The traversal algorithm notes problems during the execution of the scenario in the Problems view.
  • Double click on the problem to focus the editor at the appropriate location. Some items have quick fixes (right click on the problem and choose the quick fix operation).

Scenario Traversal Preferences

  • Maximum number of times an element can be hit before it is declared blocked: This integer helps trap infinite loop conditions. The lower it is, the more restricted your models will be, but the quicker infinite loops will be found.
  • Should we include GRL intentional elements as variables for UCM scenarios?: If this checkbox is set, jUCMNav will automatically create an integer variable for each GRL intentional element. When a strategy is executed, the variables are overridden with the propagation results and can be use to guide conditions in UCM. Furthermore, responsibilities can modify them, which will modify the satisfaction levels in the GRL graph. The order in which the scenario and strategy are executed impacts the behaviour. This is currently only a prototype.
  • Should we continue other processing and come back to the element later if its precondition is false?: If this checkbox is set, the default scenario traversal algorithm is said to be patient. For example, it will wait for false preconditions to become true before launching a start point.
  • Deterministic algorithm: If the algorithm is deterministic, in certain situations where multiple alternatives could be taken but only will be selected, such as when an or-fork with multiple true out paths is reached, the chosen path will always be the same. Otherwise, it would pick one randomly.

Part VI MSC Viewer

  • jUCMNav now integrates a Message Sequence Chart (MSC) Viewer. A Flash MSC Viewer Demo is also available.
  • To generate an MSC from a UCM, do the following after executing a scenario, File -> Export, Export UCM/GRL/URN, Export Whole URN
  • Choose file type: Export Scenarios and select a directory/filename. Be careful! Depending on your export preferences, you may override the existing file should you enter the same filename.
  • The resulting export depends on the scenario export preferences
    • Export type
      • *.jucmscenarios will generate an MSC viewable by jUCMNav's MSC Viewer.
      • Linearized *.jucm file will generate a flat UCM representing the scenario execution. Auto-layout will have to be performed to be able to visualize the results.
      • Well-formed linearized *.jucm file will generate a flat UCM representing the scenario execution. Well-formed refers to the fact that it can be expressed in a linear form, which is required for MSCs. Please note that this step possibly includes additional concurrency constraints, changing the interpretation of the original model. Auto-layout will have to be performed to be able to visualize the results.
      • Typically, when generated MSCs are considered inaccurate, it is because of the additional concurrency constraints that this algorithm MUST add in order to represent the execution trace as an MSC. A warning is given to the user when such situations occur.
    • Export what
      • All scenarios: all scenarios are exported
      • Last run scenario only: only the last run scenario is exported.
    • Automatically open editor after export: if the exported file is located inside the Eclipse workspace, setting this flag will automatically open it after exporting.

Exporting MSC images

  • Right-click on the .jucmnavscenarios file and select Export
  • Select Other --> UCM Scenario Image and click Next
  • Select the scenario to export (currently limited to 1 scenario) and click Next
  • Select the target directory and filename, as well as the appropriate format (.png, .bmp or .jpg) and click Finish

Part VII Static Semantics Checking Tool

jUCMNav allows modellers to perform static verification on URN models based on user-defined rules. Rules are described in the Object Constraint Language (OCL). They are invariants described in terms of the metaclasses found in jUCMNav's metamodel. This functionality is available on jUCMNav version 3.1 and above.

Creating a rule

  • Example rule: There should be no containment cycles in UCM components.
  • Rule properties
    • Rule name: It must be unique in the system. For example, UCM_NoComponentCycle
    • Rule classifier: Packagename::Classname, to specify the object's type on which the rule is applied. For example, ucm::map::ComponentRef
    • OCL context expression: Creating a rule on a particular type means that each instance of this type must be conform to the constraint that the rule implies. Therefore, to ensure the rule is not violated, we must check if every instance of the type conforms to the constraint. Based on jUCMNav's metamodel, all instances of all types except the URNspec are contained in the singleton instance of URNspec (the current model). From URNspec, we can collect all instances of a particular type by using an "OCL navigation path". For example, to collect all instances of the type Responsibility in UCM, from the instance of URNspec, we specify the navigation path self.urndef.responsibilities. We call this navigation path Rule Context Expression, which must return a sequence of objects with a type specified by Rule Classifier. For example, self.urndef.specDiagrams->select(d|d.oclIsTypeOf(ucm::map::UCMmap)).contRefs->select(r|r.oclIsTypeOf(ucm::map::ComponentRef))->collect(o|o.oclAsType(ucm::map::ComponentRef))
    • OCL invariant expression: This describes the precise semantics of the rule using an OCL expression. It is as same as the inv part in an OCL expression. For example, not(self.ancestors()->exists(ar|ar.contDef.oclAsType(urncore::ComponentElement).id=self.contDef.oclAsType(urncore::ComponentElement).id))
    • Rule description: This describes the human readable semantics of the rule. For example, There should be no containment cycles in UCM components. This is also used as an error message in the Problems view when the rule is violated.
    • Rule utilities: User-defined operations used to simplify the logic of OCL invariant expression. They are similar the def part in an OCL file. For example,
Utility One: ancestorSet(current:Set(ComponentRef)):Set(ComponentRef)=
         let oneStep:Set(ComponentRef)= current->iterate(ar; result : Set(ComponentRef) = Set{} |
            ar.contDef.contRefs->union( if ar.parent->notEmpty() then ar.parent->asSet() else Set{} endif)
         if current->size() < current->union(oneStep)->size()
            -- The set gets bigger

Utility Two: ancestors():Set(ComponentRef)= ancestorSet(
       if self.parent->notEmpty() then self.parent.contDef.contRefs->union(
               self.parent->asSet() )->collect(o|o.oclAsType(ComponentRef))->asSet()
       endif ) 
  • Creating the example rule
    1. Open the Preferences dialog of Eclipse and then choose the Static Semantics Checking Preferences page under the node of jUCMNav Preferences .
    2. Next, click the "New Rule" button and input all properties in the rule editing dialog
    3. Next, click the "New" button and input the definition of utility one and then click the "OK" button. (Note that utilities are optional for rules).
    4. Repeat the previous step for Utility two
    5. Click the "OK" button to close the Preferences dialog
  • See also StaticSemanticDemo1

Grouping a rule

  • You can organize related rules into groups to facilitate enabling/disabling those rules by one click.
  • A rule can be included in many groups.
  • There is a special rule group called All. As the name indicates, this group includes all rules in the system and cannot be edited or deleted.
  • Grouping a rule
    1. Open the Preferences dialog of Eclipse and then choose the Static Semantics Checking Preferences page under the node of jUCMNav Preferences .
    2. Click "New Group" button
    3. Input a unique group name
    4. Select the rule in the bottom list to be included in the group
    5. Click the "Add to group" button
    6. Click "OK" button to close the group editing dialog
  • See also StaticSemanticDemo2

Enabling/disabling rules

  • Enabling/disable one rule
    1. Open the Preferences dialog of Eclipse and then choose the Static Semantics Checking Preferences page under the node of jUCMNav Preferences .
    2. Click "+" on the left of the group "All" to expand all rules
    3. Look for the rule to enable/disable by rule's name and description
    4. Check/uncheck the desired rule by clicking the selection box on the left of the rule
    5. Click "OK" button to close the Preferences dialog
    6. See also StaticSemanticDemo3
  • Enabling/disabling a collection of rules in a group
    1. Open the Preferences dialog of Eclipse and then choose the Static Semantics Checking Preferences page under the node of jUCMNav Preferences .
    2. Look for the group in which the desired rules are
    3. Check/uncheck the desired group and then you can see all rules under this group being enabled/disabled
    4. Click "OK" button to close the Preferences dialog
    5. See also StaticSemanticDemo4

Running a check/verification

  • Open a .jucm file
  • jUCMNav menu -> Verify Static Semantics
  • The checking result is showed in the Problems view
  • See also StaticSemanticDemo5

Exporting/importing a rule

  • Exporting a rule
    1. Open the Preferences dialog of Eclipse and then choose the Static Semantics Checking Preferences page under the node of jUCMNav Preferences.
    2. Select a rule
    3. Click "Export" button
    4. Specify the path and name of the file where the rule will be saved.
    5. Click "Save" button
    6. See also StaticSemanticDemo6
  • Importing a rule
    1. Open the Preferences dialog of Eclipse and then choose the Static Semantics Checking Preferences page under the node of jUCMNav Preferences.
    2. Click "Import" button
    3. Select the rule file to be imported
    4. Click "Open" button
    5. If the name conflicts, the rule is renamed.
    6. The imported rule is put in the group "Imported".
    7. See also StaticSemanticDemo7

Part VIII Key Performance Indicators

As of version 3.0, jUCMNav supports extensions to model Key Performance Indicators (KPI) to provide business process monitoring and performance management capabilities, as well as enabling the alignment of processes and goals.

  • The GRL palette was extended to support Indicators, Dimensions, and KPI Model Links (linking indicators to the dimensions of interest for analysis). GRL models can hence be turned into performance models.
  • KPIs can be set up through the Properties view.
  • Two new views were added (see below).
  • More information available in Chen's thesis. A Flash KPI Demo is also available.

List of Key Performance Indicators view

  • To manage KPIs and KPI groups, a KPI list view presents users with an overview of categorized KPIs.
  • Users can also create their own groups in the KPI list view. Four groups of performance dimensions are created by default: cost, time, quality and flexibility.
  • To assign or remove KPI groups on a selected KPI, the use can select Edit Indicator Group in the Indicator contextual menu (on the diagram or in the list of KPIs), or select the Indicator and use the Properties view.
  • If a GRL strategy is being defined/evaluated, for each indicator the target value, the threshold value, the worst value, the evaluation value and the unit of the indicator can be set through the Properties view. Also, the level and value of dimensions for each KPI information element can be set through the Properties view.
  • After KPI models are defined and KPI strategies are created, KPI values then can be retrieved through the monitoring services by clicking on the button Retrieve KPI values (top-right corner of the list of KPIs view). The KPI evaluation module includes an interface defined for requesting KPI values so that the interface can be implemented in different ways to obtain KPI values. In this implementation, a Web services client serves as the interface to facilitate the communication with the external monitoring services. To connect to the monitoring services, the URL of the monitoring services is set in jUCMNav's KPI monitoring preferences page in the Eclipse tool.
  • After the KPI values are retrieved and applied to each KPI in each strategy, the KPI evaluation values can be transformed to GRL evaluation levels and then used for propagation to generate evaluation levels on higher level goals.
  • After a specific evaluation strategy is selected, the KPI evaluation status is shown in the List of KPI view as icons with different colors, in which the red-down arrow means poor performance, the green-up arrow means acceptable or satisfied performance and the yellow arrow means the performance just meets the threshold value.

Key Performance Indicators view

  • The KPI view is designed to present the details of KPI evaluation status visually so that when a user selects any GRL/UCM element or map that has KPIs defined or linked either directly or indirectly, the KPIs' evaluation status will be displayed in the KPI view to present a general performance view of that process or goal.
  • The URN editors, the GRL strategy view, the KPI list view and the KPI view are synchronized to present an overview of process and goal evaluation from different perspectives.
  • Business processes and goals can be linked by URN links, thus KPIs defined for goal models can also be linked to processes. In this case, when users trigger a strategy and choose a process element, the linked KPIs are shown in the KPI view and the satisfaction level of the connected goal element will be displayed on the target process element.
  • A detailed KPI evaluation status shows the KPI information, such as its name and the description, the groups and the evaluated tasks are presented to users, along with the strategy information, such as the dimensions, the unit, the target, threshold, worst and evaluation values.
  • The values are color-coded and shown graphically.
Topic attachments
I Attachment Action Size Date Who Comment
algorithm_selection.pngpng algorithm_selection.png manage 42 K 12 Jul 2011 - 23:57 HaoLuo algorithm_selection
bottom-up.pngpng bottom-up.png manage 16 K 14 Jul 2011 - 23:34 HaoLuo  
c1.pngpng c1.png manage 10 K 19 Jul 2011 - 23:18 HaoLuo  
c2.pngpng c2.png manage 9 K 19 Jul 2011 - 23:18 HaoLuo  
c3.pngpng c3.png manage 9 K 19 Jul 2011 - 23:18 HaoLuo  
c4.pngpng c4.png manage 9 K 19 Jul 2011 - 23:19 HaoLuo  
CreateAndLinkToElements-1.jpgjpg CreateAndLinkToElements-1.jpg manage 64 K 11 May 2017 - 14:20 KaiShen  
CreateAndLinkToElements-2.pngpng CreateAndLinkToElements-2.png manage 53 K 11 May 2017 - 14:36 KaiShen  
CreateAndLinkToElements-3.pngpng CreateAndLinkToElements-3.png manage 62 K 11 May 2017 - 14:34 KaiShen  
CreateAndLinkToElements-4.pngpng CreateAndLinkToElements-4.png manage 59 K 11 May 2017 - 14:35 KaiShen  
CreateAndLinkToElements-5.pngpng CreateAndLinkToElements-5.png manage 89 K 11 May 2017 - 14:23 KaiShen  
CreateAndLinkToElements-6.pngpng CreateAndLinkToElements-6.png manage 41 K 11 May 2017 - 14:23 KaiShen  
generic-task.pngpng generic-task.png manage 14 K 14 Jul 2011 - 23:45 HaoLuo  
initialized.pngpng initialized.png manage 16 K 14 Jul 2011 - 23:38 HaoLuo  
JasonGunterDaniel.jpgjpg JasonGunterDaniel.jpg manage 1022 K 11 May 2017 - 13:57 DanielAmyot  
metadataIndicators.pngpng metadataIndicators.png manage 19 K 21 Apr 2009 - 14:58 DanielAmyot Metadata, stereotype, and URN link indicators
ReportGen_Export_Page1.pngpng ReportGen_Export_Page1.png manage 40 K 05 Nov 2012 - 13:17 JeanFrancoisSeguin Screenshot of the first page of the Report Wizard
ReportGen_Export_Page2html.pngpng ReportGen_Export_Page2html.png manage 38 K 05 Nov 2012 - 13:18 JeanFrancoisSeguin Screenshot of the second page of the Report Wizard (when HTML is selected as the Report type)
ReportGen_Export_Page2pdf.pngpng ReportGen_Export_Page2pdf.png manage 38 K 05 Nov 2012 - 13:18 JeanFrancoisSeguin Screenshot of the second page of the Report Wizard (when PDF is selected as the Report type)
ReportGen_Prefs.pngpng ReportGen_Prefs.png manage 116 K 05 Nov 2012 - 13:15 JeanFrancoisSeguin Displays the report generation preferences
Report_GRLStrategyTrend.pngpng Report_GRLStrategyTrend.png manage 27 K 05 Nov 2012 - 23:39 AlexandreHamel Screenshot of an example of GRL Strategy trends
top-down.pngpng top-down.png manage 14 K 14 Jul 2011 - 23:36 HaoLuo  
top-down-task.pngpng top-down-task.png manage 14 K 14 Jul 2011 - 23:43 HaoLuo  
unsolvable.pngpng unsolvable.png manage 14 K 14 Jul 2011 - 23:40 HaoLuo  
URNlink-creation-dialog.pngpng URNlink-creation-dialog.png manage 33 K 09 Mar 2012 - 17:59 AndrewMiga URN Link creation dialog
URNlinks-menu-expanded.pngpng URNlinks-menu-expanded.png manage 99 K 01 May 2012 - 21:11 DanielAmyot URN Links popup menu for Intentional Element
Topic revision: r57 - 11 May 2017, KaiShen
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